Preposition के नियम ( Rules of Preposition )

Preposition के नियम ( Rules of Preposition )

✹ Grammar Rules of Preposition :- ( Preposition ke niyam pdf download )

Preposition वह शब्द है जो किसी noun या Pronoun के पहले प्रयुक्त होकर उसका सम्बंध अन्य शब्दों के साथ बताता है जैसे - on , upon , above , between , among , of , in , into , along , under आदि |

Grammar Rules :-

Rule - 1 :-

about / around - दोनों का अर्थ होता है लगभग |
About में more than या less than का sense होता है , जबकि around में may be less than या more का sense होता है |
Example :- It is about 8 o'clock ( लगभग 8 बजे है अर्थात कुछ वक्त बचा है | )
They came here around 10 o'clock ( लगभग 10 बजे है थोडा कम भी हो सकता है | या थोडा ज्यादा भी हो सकता है | )



Rule - 2 :-

Over and under - Over तथा under का प्रयोग Vertical position बताने के लिए किया जाता है |
Example :- A lamp is hanging over the table.
The boat was under several feet of water.



Rule - 3 :-

Above / Below - Above / below का प्रयोग level बताने के लिये किया जाता है |
Example :- He has an injury just above his right eye.
This work is below my dignity.



Rule - 4 :-


on - किसी सतह के ऊपर स्थित अवस्था में
upon - किसी सतह के ऊपर गतिशील अवस्था में
Example :- Your book is on the top shelf.
The cat jumped upon the table.



Rule - 5 :-


by - कर्ता के लिए
With - औजार या हथियार के लिए
Example :- The old woman was stabbed with a knife by an unknown attacker.



Rule - 6 :-


between - 2 के बीच ( सामान्यतः )
among - अधिक के बीच
Example :- The Property was divided between the two brothers.
They distributed sweets among the students of the class.
किंतु यदि व्यक्तियों या स्थानों आदि के नाम दिए हो तो between का ही प्रयोग करते हैं |
Delhi is located between Rajasthan, U.P. and Haryana.



Rule - 7 :-


beside - के बगल में , next to
besides - के अतिरिक्त , in addition to
Example :- She came home and sat beside her mother.



Rule - 8 :-


for - समयावधि बताने के लिए
Since - समय बिंदु बताने के लिए ( perfect tenses में )
From - समय बिंदु बताने के लिए ( Non perfect tenses में )

Example :- We have been working together
for ten years / since 2001

The work on the project will start from / since March 1. ( यह Simple Future Tense का वाक्य है | )
We waited there for half an hour and then left.



Rule - 9 :-


behind - पीछे
after - पीछे ( गतिशील या पीछा करते हुए )
Example - My office is right behind the state Assembly
The policeman was running after the pick pocket.
I looked behind to see a young boy begging for food.



Rule - 10 :-

said , speak या spoke व talked के उपरांत to लगाते हैं किंतु told , asked या address के उपरांत नहीं ( Active Voice में)
Example :- She said to me , "Have you seen the photos?"
They told to us that we should not expect any miracle.
The clerk asked to me to wait outside.
Addressing to the students, the PM stressed the need for time management.



Rule - 11 :-

discuss about - talk about, resemble to/with से मिलता जुलता होना
Example - Let's not discuss about politics here.
She resembles to/with her late grand mother.
order for something.
I ordered for a sandwich.



Rule - 12 :-

In spite of / despite of
के बावजूद
Example - He came to the function
In spite of / despite of
his busy schedule.

Rule - 13 :-

enter in/into ( अंदर प्रवेश करना )
Example - The thief entered in/into the house through the window.
किन्तु enter into a contract / deal / agreement etc.
We have entered into a long term contract with them.



Rule - 14 :-

marry / wed
to/with somebody ( Active voice )

Example - will you marry me ?
He wedded his colleague, Preeti in a lavish ceremony yesterday.

marry / wed
to somebody ( Passive voice )

My sister is married to an IAS officer.



Rule - 15 :-

both to (n) . . .
Example - I like both to tea and coffee.



Rule - 16 :-


prefer / preferable to / than
senior / junior / superior / inferior to / than
Example - I prefer tea than/to coffee.
A typewriter is inferior than / to a computer.



Rule - 17 :-

यदि 2 शब्दों के लिए एक ही संदर्भ में कोई preposition दो बार आ रहा हो तो उसे एक बार drop कर देते हैं |
Example - I went there to buy vegetables and to meet a friend.
Your book is better than and more expensive than mine.
I believe in God and in myself.

Your book is different from and
better than / superior to
mine

Rule - 18 :-

कुछ शब्दों के साथ prepositions fix आते हैं |
Example - 1. abide by - अनुपालना करना
2. acquainted with - परिचित
3. abstain from - से दूर रहना
4. beware of - सावधान रहना
5. accused of - आरोपी
e.g. accused of murder, theft etc.

6. complain
about something / of pain

7. yield to / before / against - झुकना या समर्पण करना
8. complain against somebody out of
9. cope with - निपटना
10. suffer from typhoid , pneumonia etc.
11. die of / from a disease
12. because of
13. die from poisoning/ over drinking
14. according to
15. listen to sb/sth

16.
suggested / proposed
to somebody

17. look at somebody / something
18. different from
19. attack on somebody with something ( यहां attack एक verb है | )
20. depend on somebody / something
21. angry with somebody and angry at something



Rule - 19 :-

Suggested व proposed के उपरांत to लगाएं यदि उसके बाद कोई object जैसे - me/him/her/Ajay/Seema आदि हो |
Example - He suggested to me that we that we should start a new business in partnership.
She proposed to her husband that they should buy some new clothes.


इन्हें भी पढ़े :-

1. Fixed Prepositions
2. चतुर्भुज के प्रकार ,उनके गुण एवं सूत्रों का अध्धयन
3. Number System Basics Formulas, Questions, Tricks

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✻ Preposition के नियम ( Rules of Preposition ) PDF Download

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